Harold Avery Watts

Rank: Lance Corporal

Service Number: 3884

Regiment: 32nd Battalion

Harold Avery Watts was born on 14th August 1889 in Dawesley SA.  He was the sixth of ten children that was born and raised in the Nairn district. Upon his marriage to Edith Slater, Harold moved to Milang to manage the Cheese and Bacon factory, which still stands overlooking  Lake Alexandrina.

At the age of 27 he enlisted in the 32nd Battalion AIF on the 15th August 1916.  Leaving his wife and daughter Elsie aged 18 months and son Harry just 2 months behind in Milang Harold left Adelaide aboard the "Commonwealth" on the 21st September, arriving in Plymouth on the 14th November.  Harold has followed his younger brother, 21 year old Frank Perry Watts, who enlisted on the 15th September 1915, initially as a driver. He later trained as a pilot and joined the flying corp.  Harold visited Frank in Denham during his training. Frank returned home safely in 1919, although earlier had been seriously wounded when shot down in his RE8 Aircraft.
Harold then left England for France on the "Princess Clementine" on the 30th December 1916. He spent about 2 weeks at Etaples before being admitted to a Segregation Camp. It was the 11th February, 1917, before he joined the battalion in the field near Fricourt. On the 14th May he was sent to Intelligence School for 2 weeks training. He would have been with the battalion during the Battle of Polygon Wood on the 16th September 1917, but a few weeks later he was detached to the 8th Brigade Supply Dump, acting as a coal guard, until the following January, when he returned to his unit on the 11th January 1918. He remained with the battalin throughout early 1918, which was relatively quiet until the 21st March when the German Army launched Operation Michael, in attempt to capture Amiens and defeat the Allies. Most of the Australian Forces were rushed back to the Somme to help stem the tide of the battle. Harold may have seen the "Red Baron's" last flight as he was shot down not far from where the 32nd Battalion was positioned on that day, the 21st April 1918. He was wounded in action on the 24th June but remained with the battalion after treatment. He may have been part of a ration party that was hit by a large shell that day, leaving 16 dead and 11 wounded. On the 11th July Harold was admitted to hospital with the flu, returning to his unit on the 5th August, 3 days after he was promoted to Lance Corporal. On the 29th August he was again sent to Intelligence School, returning to the battalion one last time on the 23rd September. 
Harold was with the 32nd as it fought its last major battle of the war between 29 September and 1 October with the 5th and 3rd Australian Divisions and two American divisions attached the Hindenburg Line across the top of the 6 kilometre long St Quentin Canal tunnel. The canal was a major obstacle in the German defensive scheme and was fiercely defended.
With the help of the 30th American Division, the 32nd Battalion as part of the 5th Australian Division captured the heavily fortified village of Bellicourt.  The Gun (no. 4452) on display in Meningie’s Memorial Park was one of four captured the following day after taking a farm called Etricourt near the village of Nauroy.
Edith, Harold’s wife was told later that he lead a group of 5-6 men to clear the St Quentin Tunnel, dawn 29th September 1918. Harold and 2 of his men were killed when they were hit by a shell at about 11am. They were buried near by 5 weeks before the end of the war.  In March 1920 the bodies were exhumed and re-interred in the British cemetery in Bellicourt.  They say this was the “last great battle in which the battalion took part. It was to be a stunning victory for them, capturing the St Quentin Canal and part of the Hindenburg Line.  The performance was their best and the best for the brigade.” 27,000 of them had been killed or wounded in three months.
In one of his last letters home to his brother Gordon, Harold said “Don’t break your neck to get in Khaki. I am not sorry that I came…but I don’t consider it a healthy life for any one under 21” 
Harold is buried in the Bellicourt British Cemetery in grave reference III.A.1.